Ефективність функціонування аграрних формувань як джерело їх соціальної відповідальності.

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Ревуцька, Алла Олександрівна
Фротер, Оксана Сергіївна
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У статті досліджено основні тенденції економічного розвитку аграрних формувань Черкаської області. Висвітлено сучасний стан та особливості їх функціонування. Виявлено основні чинники, що спонукають підприємства здійснювати соціально відповідальну діяльність. Проаналізовано вплив соціально відповідальних заходів на розвиток сільських територій. Здійснено пошук й наукове обґрунтування напрямів підвищення ефективності діяльності аграрних формувань на засадах соціальної відповідальності.
Efficiency of functioning of agrarian formations as a source of their social responsibility The agricultural base of rural life and rural development is now and will continue to be agro-industrial production. Subjects of agrarian business have quite significant economic potential which participates in the formation and functioning of their social responsibility. Therefore, in the conditions of a deficit of the state budget and austerity of state funds, the responsibility of agribusiness is to assist the state in solving the economic, social and environmental problems of society. The study aims to identify the main factors which prompts agricultural formations to carry out socially responsible activities and an assessment of the effectiveness of their impact on the socio-economic development of rural areas. The theoretical and methodological basis of the research are the works of domestic and foreign scientists legal framework for regulation of agricultural business. In the process of research, the following scientific methods have been used: classification-analytical, monographic, abstract-logical, statistical-economic, comparison and generalization. It has been established that for the most part, large agro forming can be socially responsible who have the money to implement internal and external social programs. Implementation of the concept of social responsibility is inconsistent and unsystematic. The process of establishing a Ukrainian model of social responsibility for agrarian business is uncontrolled and has a number of peculiarities. The social policy of most agrarian enterprises is not part of their business strategy. For the most part, they carry out socially responsible activities without planning social measures, in the absence of special units and persons responsible for this activity. The methods and forms of expression of social responsibility are determined by personal preferences and interests of managers and owners of subjects of agrarian business. At the current stage of development of the Ukrainian economy, social responsibility should be considered as an independent activity of enterprises. One of the external forms of its implementation are social contracts (agreements), concluded between large enterprises, civil institutes, state administration bodies at national, regional and local levels. According to social agreements agricultural enterprises pay local budgets funds for rural development. These are significant additional revenues to local budgets. These funds are directed at local communities address the most important social and economic problems of rural areas (reconstruction and support of social infrastructure objects, housing stock, construction and repair of roads, etc.). Agricultural production is the basis of socio-economic development of rural areas therefore, it is necessary to intensify measures on state support to the agrarian sector and to improve the regulatory framework , which will increase the efficiency of functioning of agrarian enterprises and sustainable development of rural areas.
Ключові слова
аграрні формування, соціальна відповідальність, економіка агроформувань
Бібліографічний опис
Збірник наукових праць Уманського НУС. Випуск 95 Частина 2 2019